Many brain tumors, pituitary tumors, acoustic neuromas, meningioma, and other types of tumors affect the skull base. These are known as skull base tumors. The skull base tumors grow primarily inside the skull but occasionally can grow outside too . They can be primary or secondary depending upon their place of origin.
Causes and risk factors for skull base tumors:
Although there is no exact cause of skull base tumor but there are certain risk factors that increase the chance of developing a skull base tumor like:
Types of Skull Base Tumors and Conditions
Skull base tumors can be classified according to their location in the skull base or according to the type of tumor.
According to location of skull base tumors:
Tumor in the anterior compartment of the skull base (anterior cranial fossa), that includes the eye sockets and sinuses:
Tumor in the central compartment of the skull base (middle cranial fossa), that includes the pituitary gland:
Tumor in the posterior compartment of the skull base (posterior cranial fossa):
Signs and Symptoms of Skull Base Brain Tumors
The symptoms of skull base tumors appear slowly and appear only when the tumor grows large and cause pressure on vital structures in the brain. Symptoms specifically depend on the type, location and size of the tumor. Most common symptoms of skull base tumors and conditions include:
Diagnosis of a Skull Base Tumor
Diagnosis of skull base tumors is very peculiar and requires thorough examination of the patient along with diagnostic tests:
Treatment for Skull Base Tumors
Treatment for skull base tumors depends upon tumor location, type and general health of the patient. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or observation. The treatment for a skull base tumor or condition depends on many factors, including:
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