Post-traumatic seizures are recurrent seizure disorder that occurs as a sequel to brain injury. This brain injury can be traumatic or due to brain surgery.
Classification of Post-traumatic seizures
Causes of Post-traumatic seizures
The major cause of post-traumatic seizures is trauma or injury to the head or brain. But the mechanism by which trauma to brain tissue leads to recurrent seizures is unknown. Post-traumatic seizures can be due to:
Symptoms of Post-traumatic seizures
Most of the patients experience seizures in the first several days or weeks after a brain injury. But it may also occur months or years after the injury. Symptoms include:
Characteristics of seizure:
Diagnosis of post-traumatic seizure
Physical and neurological examination of the patient along with history of trauma plays major role in establishing the diagnosis of post-traumatic seizure. But this diagnosis should be verified by video-EEG monitoring.
Treatment of Post-traumatic seizure
Almost 20% of cases who have a single late posttraumatic seizure never have any further seizures, and they do not need any treatment. Early PTS should be treated promptly with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) like Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine, and Phenobarbital etc.
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Dr. Shyam Sundar K is an eminent name in the field of neurology. He is one of the best neurosurgeon in Chennai, Tamil NaduRead More
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