An epidural hematoma is traumatic accumulation of blood due to rupture of a blood vessel, usually an artery, between the inside of the skull and the outer covering of the brain (called the "dura"). This epidural hematoma creates pressure on the brain. It is an emergency condition that may get worse very quickly within minutes to hours and can lead to permanent brain damage and death if left untreated.
Causes of epidural hematoma
Risk factors of epidural hematoma
Following individuals are at a higher risk for developing an epidural hematoma:
Symptoms of epidural hematoma
Upon accumulation of blood inside the brain, brain structures push together and create pressure. This can happen immediately after trauma or long after trauma. The main symptoms of epidural hematoma include the following:
Diagnosis of epidural hematoma
The diagnosis of epidural hematoma requires thorough physical and neurological examination along with a head CT, MRI and electroencephalogram (EEG). The examination may indicate non-working part of the brain or raised intracranial pressure.
Treatment of epidural hematoma
It is an emergency condition in which treatment is done with an aim to save patient’s life, control symptoms and minimize or prevent any damage to the brain. The treatment includes:
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