A craniopharyngioma is a localized and benign (noncancerous) tumor that arises from the small nests of cells in the sellar region of the brain, near the pituitary gland. They can be either solid tumors or just cysts and often involve the third ventricle, optic nerve, and pituitary gland.
They can be adamantinomatous (ordinary tumor) or papillary craniopharyngioma. Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma are less solid and occur in children while papillary craniopharyngioma are solid tumor that occurs in adults.
Facts about Craniopharyngioma
Cause of Craniopharyngioma
As in case of most of the tumors, the exact cause of craniopharyngioma is also not known.
Symptoms of Craniopharyngioma
Craniopharyngioma becomes symptomatic when it exerts pressure on the nerves, blood vessels or parts of the brain around the pituitary gland. Symptoms may include:
Diagnosis of Craniopharyngioma:
Diagnosis of craniopharyngioma requires following examination:
Treatment for Craniopharyngioma:
Treatment of craniopharyngioma is done with an aim to reduce pressure on adjoining structures and improve patient symptoms. It may include the following:
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