Craniocervical junction abnormalities are disorders of the bones that join the head and neck. They include the congenital or acquired abnormalities of the occipital bone, foramen magnum, or first two cervical vertebrae.
Causes of Craniocervical Junction Abnormalities
Craniocervical junction disorders may be present at birth (congenital) or acquired later.
Congenital disorders: They may be isolated (affect only the craniocervical junction) or general disorders (that also affect many other parts of the body)
Acquired disorders: They can result from injuries or certain disorders later in the life.
Symptoms of Craniocervical junction abnormalities
Diagnosis of Craniocervical junction abnormalities
Diagnosis includes thorough history, physical and neurological examination of the patient along with following diagnostic tests:
Treatment of Craniocervical junction abnormalities
It is considered an emergency condition as in most of the cases symptoms may appear suddenly or get worse suddenly. Prompt diagnosis and treatment may prevent permanent disability.
Treatment is done to relieve pressure on brain, spinal cord or nerves and often involves:
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