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Brain Surgery


Brain surgery is an operation to treat disorders of brain and its surrounding structures. It can be performed using an endoscope with a small incision or by directly opening the brain through big incision.

MRI and CT scan guide the surgeon. During surgery, surgeon may perform any of the following:

  • Clipping off an aneurysm to prevent blood flow
  • Remove a tumor or a piece of tumor for a biopsy
  • Remove abnormal brain tissue
  • Drain blood or an infection
  • Free a nerve

The duration of surgery depends upon the problem being treated and patient condition.

Indications for Brain Surgery

  • Brain tumor
  • Brain hemorrhage
  • Brain hematoma
  • Swelling in brain
  • Weaknesses in blood vessels (brain aneurysm repair)
  • Abnormal blood vessels in the brain (arteriovenous malformations; AVM)
  • Damage to tissues covering the brain (dura)
  • Stroke
  • Brain infection
  • Severe nerve or face pain
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Skull fracture
  • Increased brain pressure after an injury or stroke
  • Epilepsy
  • Brain diseases like Parkinson disease, Hydrocephalus

Risks of Brain surgery

  • Reactions to medications
  • Breathing problems
  • Bleeding, blood clots, infection
  • Problems with vision, speech, memory, balance etc.
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Coma
  • Brain swelling

Prompt medical treatment is vital in Brain Disorders

Almost all types of brain disorders are very serious conditions that need to be managed as early as possible. This is because they can lead to further damage of the brain or death if left untreated even for a short period of time.

Authored by Dr. Shyam Sundar K

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Dr. Shyam Sundar K

Dr. Shyam Sundar K is an eminent name in the field of neurology. He is one of the best neurosurgeon in Chennai, Tamil Nadu

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