Book Appointment

CNS Infection Is A Medical Emergency

Date :19-Jun-2019

The central nervous system (CNS) includes the brain and spinal cord. It is responsible to control most of the functions of the mind and the body. Often the CNS can suffer from infections which can threaten one’s life. In cases where children suffer from CNS infections, their immune systems are severely affected. These infections should be diagnosed and treated immediately by a specialist. The most common causes of CNS infections are fungi, bacteria, and viruses.


The infections of Central nervous system that is caused by bacteria or fungi can cause several illnesses such as:

  • Brain abscesses: This is a condition where pus and infected tissues get collected within the brain.
  • Bacterial meningitis: happens when bacterial infections get into the bloodstream and later travel to the spinal cord and finally to the brain.

Symptoms of central nervous system infections include:

  • Fever
  • Back pain
  • Severe headache
  • Confusion
  • Stiff neck
  • Weakness
  • Paralysis

Central nervous system infections that are caused by viruses can cause these illnesses as follows:

  • Viral meningitis: In this condition the layers of tissues that cover the brain and the spinal cord gets inflamed.
  • Encephalitis. When the brain itself gets inflames it is called encephalitis. If you think you are affected by CNS infection, you must see a doctor immediately.

Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Infections

There are several ways to diagnose CNS infection. The diagnosis process depends on the symptoms. The tests are as follows:

Magnetic resonance imaging

  • Spinal tap
  • Blood Tests
  • Treatments


CNS infections need to be treated without wasting any time else it can lead to mortality. The type of treatment to be carried out solely depends on the type and location of the infection, and the overall health of the affected person.

For CNS infections caused by bacteria, treatments include intravenous (IV) fluids, antibiotics, steroids for brain swelling, and anticonvulsants for seizures.

However, it has been seen that many CNS viral infections get resolved with time, without the need of any anti-viral treatment. But the person may require supportive care and sometimes it can also be the reason behind a long-lasting brain injury.Mail us:
Blog Reviewed by: Dr. Shyam Sundar K
Book appointment: 

Ask Doctor

About Doctor


Dr. Shyam Sundar K

Dr. Shyam Sundar K is an eminent name in the field of neurology. He is one of the best neurosurgeon in Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Read More

Video Testimonials

Our Testimonials

Call Us

Book Appointment