Basilar invagination, also called basilar impression, is a relatively rare congenital or acquired craniocervical junction abnormality characterized by upward and posterior migration of the second cervical vertebra into the intracranial space.
Causes of Basilar invagination
Basilar invagination can be congenital i.e. present on birth. Otherwise it may be acquired in lifetime due to following reasons:
Symptoms of Basilar invagination
Stenosis of the foramen magnum and compression of the medulla oblongata result in following neurological symptoms:
Diagnosis of Basilar invagination:
Diagnosis depends upon the symptoms, physical and neurological examination of the patient along with following tests:
Treatment of Basilar invagination:
Treatment depends upon severity of the condition and symptoms of the patient. It may include:
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