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    Date : 13-03-2018

    Epilepsy is a CNS (Neurological) condition that affects the brain activity. It causes seizures, temporary episodes of twitching with convulsions. A Seizure is caused when the brain’s electrical impulses act abnormally and pass irregular signals. Sometimes the person may experience loss of consciousness. But, pin pointedly epilepsy can be defined as “two or more unprovoked seizures”.

    Epilepsy makes all the activities a bit risky as the person does not know when the seizure may strike. However, epilepsy can well be managed with medications and other treatments. Reducing risks factors and triggers may help the person to manage epilepsy and reduce the episodes.

    Epilepsy symptoms:

    A Seizure is the primary symptom of epilepsy. But, there are different types of seizures with different symptoms.

    • Face twitching
    • Loss of conscious
    • Affected speech
    • Temporary loss of bladder and bowel control
    • Twitching in all body parts especially in arms and legs
    • Involuntary Jerking movements in the hands and legs
    • Psychic symptoms such as anxiety and fear

    Most seizures will last for few minutes.

    Epilepsy diagnosis

    A Neurologist would perform a complete physical and neurological examination to diagnose the cause of the seizures. The following tests are performed usually to diagnose epilepsy.

    • An Electroencephalogram (EEG) is performed to measure the electrical activity of the brain
    • Collecting Cerebrospinal fluid for analysis
    • CT, MRI scans of the head
    • Positron emission tomography (PET)
    • Neuropsychological tests

           Blood test

    • Liver kidney function test
    • Complete blood count
    • Blood glucose
    • Tests to diagnose the presence of any infectious diseases

    Common causes of Epilepsy by age:

    In Newborns, lack of oxygen supply during birth, intracranial hemorrhage, maternal drug use, low levels of electrolytes, brain malformations are known to be the common causes of seizures.

    In Infants & Children, Infections, brain tumor, fever

    In Adults & children, Progressive brain disease, congenital conditions, head trauma, genetic factors

    In Seniors, strokes, trauma and Alzheimer’s disease

    Trigger factors for Epilepsy

    • Fever and stress
    • Sleeplessness
    • Alcohol, drugs, medicines, and caffeine
    • Overeating, skipping meals

    Treatment for Epilepsy

    Most of the people are treated with anticonvulsants to become seizure free. Other combined medications may also be administered to reduce the frequency and intensity of epilepsy.

    When there is no improvement with anti-epileptic medications, then the neurologist may advise surgery, therapies like vagus nerve stimulation, ketogenic diet etc.

    Dr. Shyam Sundar K is an ace Neurosurgeon in Chennai who has been treating all kinds of brain diseases. He provides excellent epilepsy treatment in Chennai according to the age, severity, and frequency of seizures.

    Mail us @ chennaibrainandspine@gmail.com

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    Dr Shyam Sundar K

    MBBS , MS (Gen Surg), M.Ch. (Neuro) ReadMore

    Dr.Shyam Sundar Krishnan
    MBBS (Chennai), MS (Gen Surg), M.Ch. (Neuro)

    New No. 10, Old no 11, Parameswari Nagar,
    3rd Street, ADYAR,CHENNAI- 600 020,
    Tamil Nadu, India.

    +91 9952072279,+91 9962072279 shyamsundar_krishnan@yahoo.com
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