The spine is commonly known as backbone which is formed with 33 individual bones stacked one on top of the other. The spinal column provides the main support for the body, allowing to stand, upright, bend and twist at the same time it is protecting the spinal cord from injury. The spine is divided into three regions called cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine.
Dr. Shyam Sundar who has an in-depth knowledge in the field of neurosurgery. He has done numerous spinal surgeries. Spinal surgery can be safely treated with Dr. Shyam Sundar. He is one of the leading neurosurgeons in Tamilnadu. He believes in creating a bond between doctor and patient for the smooth functioning of the treatment.
The various causes of spinal disease are
- Degenerative disk disease
- Fracture(broken spinal bone)
- Spinal stenosis
- Tumors or spine infection
The doctor diagnoses the disease with the help of X-rays, MRI and with some blood tests.
Treatment will be based on the condition of the spine. Some back problems can be treated with intake of medicines and prescribed exercises. The surgery is the last option suggested by the doctor.
There are some conditions that may lead to spine surgery. The common surgical procedures that are used for the treatment of diseased spine are:
Discectomy or Microdiscetomy: This procedure includes the removal of herniated invertebral disc
Laminectomy: This procedure removes the thin bony plate on the back of the vertebra called the laminae to increase space within the spinal canal and relieve pressure.
Laminotomy: Removal of a portion of the vertebral arch that covers the spinal cord. A laminotomy removes less bone than laminectomy.
Foraminotomy: Removal of bone or tissue in the passageway where nerve root s branch off spinal cord and exit the spinal column.
Disc Replacement: This procedure involves the replacement of the diseased neck with artificial neck.
Spinal Fusion: This surgery is used to join two vertebrae.
Balloon Kyphoplasty: This technique is a minimally invasive technique used to treat a spinal compression fracture.
Vertebroplasty: This is a minimally invasive procedure to stabilize the spinal fracture and to stop the pain caused by the fracture and it performs through a small puncture in the patient’s skin.
Dr. Shyam Sundar has been consulting with St. Isabel’s Hospital, Fortis Malar Hospital, Venkadeswara Hospital, C.S.I Kalyani Multi Specialty Hospital etc. He has eight years of experience in the field of neuro surgery.
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